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Indigenous Communities from India

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Birhor
Indigenous Group Birhor (Also known as: Bihor, Birhar, Birhore, Mankidi, Mankidia)
Location India, Jharkhand, Hazaribagh, Singbhum, and Ranchi districts, Chhattisgarh, Raigarh District, Orissa, Sundargarh, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Sambalpur districts, West Bengal, Maharashtra
Estimated Population 2,000 (2005, WebIndia123.com)
Environment Highland and Forest
Lifestyle Nomadic
Subsistence Hunter / Gatherer / Agriculture / Fishing / Handicraft Sales
Level of Assimilation Nearly Untouched
Language Family Birhor
Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Munda, North Munda, Kherwari, Mundari
Alternate names: Bihor, Birhar, Birhore, Mankidi, Mankidia

Dialects: Lexical similarity 55% to 72% with Santhali, Ho, Mundari.
Website URLs Encyclopedia of Peaceful Societies, Birhor
Development of Eco-tourism in Tribal Regions of Orissa: Potential and Recommendations
Forest Degradation Affects Bihor Society
Ethnologue, Birhor
The Birhor Universe
South Asian Media Net The Origin of Races
The Telegraph, Article: Respect the tribal way of life Tribes at crossroads
Webindia123, Article: Jharkhand tribe on verge of extinction
Sahara Time, Article: Vanishing Tribe
NGOs Shree Ramakrishna Shanti Ashram
Birhor Khoj Ewam Utthan Samiti (BKEUS)
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)

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