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Indigenous Communities from India

Adi Padam | Aimol | Angami | Ao | Awan | Badaga | Bharia | Baiga | Bangni | Banjara | Bhil | Birhor | Bishnoi | Bodo | Bondo | Chakhesang | Chang | Chenchu | Chote | Dal | Dandami Marias | Dhodia | Didayi | Digaro-Mishmi | Dimasa Kachari | Dogra | Gaddis | Garo | Gowlan | Gujjars | Halbaa | Hmar | Ho | Idu Mishmi | Irula | Jaintias | Jarawa | Jenu Kurumba | Juang | Kabui | Kadu Kuruba | Khasi | Khoibu | Khond | Kinnaure | Kisan | Kondh | Korku | Koya | Kulis | Kutchi | Lahules | Liangmai | Lohara | Lotha | Madia | Magahi | Magar Eastern | Mahali | Mao | Maram | Meena | Meithei | Miju-Mishmi | Miri | Monpa | Monsang | Munda | Nicobarese Southern | Nishi | Nocte | Onge | Oraon | Paite | Paliyan | Pangwali | Piral | Pochury | Poumai | Raika | Rengma | Sangtam | Santali | Saora | Savara | Sema | Sentinel | Shom Peng | Spitians | Sulung | Tagin | Tangkhul | Tutsa | Vaiphei | Wancho | Warli | Yerukula | Zangskari | Zomi

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Bishnoi
 
Indigenous Group Bishnoi (Also known as: Marwadi, Vishnoi)
Location India, Rajasthan, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madya Pradesh, Delhi, Punjab, Jodphur, Bikaner
Estimated Population 597,000 (2006, Joshua Project)
Environment Arid / Harsh / Desert
Lifestyle Semi-nomadic
Subsistence Agriculture / Animal Husbandry / Gathering / Commerce
Level of Assimilation Fairly Traditional
Language Family Rajasthani
Classification:
Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
Dialects: Bagri, Shekhawati, Mewati, Dhundhari, Harauti, Marwari, Mewari, and Wagri, Sansiboli, Kanjar Boli, Pardi, Gujuri, Lambadi, Bawari, Loari, Gawaria and Bishnoi Boli

Hindi
Classification:
Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
Alternate names: Khari Boli, Khadi Boli
Dialects: Formal vocabulary is borrowed from Sanskrit, de-Persianized, de-Arabicized. Literary Hindi, or Hindi-Urdu, has four varieties: Hindi (High Hindi, Nagari Hindi, Literary Hindi, Standard Hindi); Urdu; Dakhini; Rekhta. State language of Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh

Gujarati
Classification:
Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
Alternate names: Gujrathi, Gujerati, Gujerathi
Dialects: Standard Gujarati (Saurashtra Standard, Nagari, Bombay Gujarati, Patnuli), Gamadia (Gramya, Surati, Anawla, Brathela, Eastern Broach Gujarati, Charotari, Patidari, Vadodari, Ahmedabad Gamadia, Patani), Parsi, Kathiyawadi (Jhalawadi, Sorathi, Holadi, Gohilwadi, Bhawnagari), Kharwa, Kakari, Tarimuki (Ghisadi).

Panjabi, Eastern
Classification:
Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani
Alternate names: Punjabi, Gurmukhi, Gurumukhi
Dialects: Panjabi Proper, Majhi, Doab, Bhatyiana (Bhatneri, Bhatti), Powadhi, Malwa, Bathi. Western Panjabi is distinct from Eastern Panjabi, although there is a chain of dialects to Western Hindi (Urdu). Bhatyiana considered to be a mixture of Panjabi and Rajasthani.
Website URLs Bishnoi People
Native Planet: The Desert Dwellers of Rajasthan
JPSViewfinder: Photos of Bishnoi
Wikipedia - Bishnois
Saheli 2001: The Bishnoi Faith
The Bishnois are Practising Naturalists!
Pictures of Bishnoi culture, By Robert Leon
Reel-heros and real ones
The religion of the Bishnoi has protected the blackbuck
Pictures of Bishnoi in Rajasthan, By Mike Rosen
Ecological Ethics, Practice, and Change. The Case of the Bishnoi of Western Rajasthan, By Prof. Dr. Thomas Schweizer
SANDEE: Cultural Tourism and Conservation
Urmul Jyoti Sansthan (UJS) Project visit - Ashanet.org
Ethnologue: Languages of India
The Bishnoi Tribe of India: Lessons in Life
The Anthropology of Conscience, By Michael Tobias
Joshua Project, Bishnoi of India
Bishnoism
NGOs Centre for Rajasthani Studies
Native Planet
Nitigat Vikas Sansthan
Tarun Bharat Sangh (TBS)
The World Conservation Union (IUCN)
Down To Earth (DTE)
Ashanet.org
South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics (SANDEE)

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