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Indigenous Communities from India

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Irula
 
Indigenous Group Irula (Also known as: Eravallan, Erukala, Irava, Irulan, Irular, Irular Mozhi, Irulavan, Iruliga, Iruligar, Kad Chensu, Korava)
Location India, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala states, Thiruvallur, Chingelpet, Palaghat districts, Tamil Nadu.
Estimated Population 200,000 (2003, SIL International)
Environment Forest / Riverine
Lifestyle Semi-Nomadic
Subsistence Paid Labor / Hunter / Gatherer / Fishing / Agriculture
Level of Assimilation Fairly Traditional
Language Family Irula
Classification:
Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Tamil
Alternate names: Eravallan, Erukala, Irava, Irulan, Irular, Irular Mozhi, Irulavan, Iruliga, Iruligar, Kad Chensu, Korava
Dialects: Irula Pallar (Urali Irula), Mele Nadu Irula (Southern Irula), Northern Irula (Kasaba, Kasava, Kasuba), Vette Kada Irula
Website URLs Ethnologue: Irula a language of India
Irulas
National Geographic News Article: India Snake Hunters Find Antidote to Joblessness
UNDP Special Unit for South-South Cooperation, The Irula tribal snake venom extraction cooperative
CBM Photo Tribes of India Badaga, Irula, Kurumba
NGOs Asha for Education An Action Group for Basic Education in India
Action Aid
Oxfam
Womankind Worldwide

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