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Indigenous Communities from Tajikistan

Shughni | Wakhi | Yazgulyam

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Shughni
Indigenous Group Shughni (Also known as: Shighni, Shugni)
Location Tajikistan, Gorno-Badakhshan Region, Shughni and Rosht-Kala Districts, valleys of the Shokhdar (Shakh-Dar) and Gund (Gunt) rivers and right bank of the Pyandsh River; Kolkhozabad District, Garant village. Also in Afghanistan.
Estimated Population 40,000 (1975, SIL International)
Environment Highland / Mountain / Valley / Riverine
Lifestyle Sedentary
Subsistence Agriculture / Animal Husbandry / Handicraft Sales / Paid Labor
Level of Assimilation Fairly Traditional
Language Family Shughni
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pamir, Shugni-Yazgulami
Alternate Names: Shugnan-Rushan
Dialects: Rushani (Rushan, Roshani, Oroshani), Bartangi (Bartang), Oroshor (Roshorvi), Khufi (Khuf, Chuf), Shugan, Shugnan, Shighni, Khugni. Khufi and Bartangi may be separate languages. Oroshani may be separate from Rushani. Not intelligible of Sarikoli (called 'Tajiki' in China).
Website URLs Ethnologue – Shughni, A Language of Tajikistan
Shughni Language Page
The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire: Shughnis
The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire: The Peoples of the Pamirs
The Shughni of Tajikistan: Prayer Profile
Wikipedia: Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
Socio-Linguistic Situation and Language Policy of the Autonomous Region of Mountainous Badakhshan
Offline Sources Abbess, Elizabeth et al. “Literacy and the Vernacular in Tajik Badakhshan: Research into Rushani, Khufi, Bartangi and Roshorvi” in John M. Clifton (ed.), Studies in Languages of Tajikistan. Dushanbe, Tajikistan: National State University of Tajikistan, and St. Petersburg, Russia: North Eurasia Group, SIL International. 2005. 187-221.
Abbess, Elizabeth et al. “Literacy and the Vernacular in Tajik Badakhshan: Research into Rushani, Khufi, Bartangi and Roshorvi” in John M. Clifton (ed.), Studies in Languages of Tajikistan. Dushanbe, Tajikistan: National State University of Tajikistan, and St. Petersburg, Russia: North Eurasia Group, SIL International. 2005. 187-221.
R. Shaw. “On the Shighni (Ghalchah) Dialect” in Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. Calcutta, India. 1877. Vol. 46. 97-126.
NGOs De Pamiri Handicraft

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