Indigenous Group Sape (Also known as: Sapé, Kariana, Kaliána, Caliana, Chirichano)
Location Venezuela, Bolivar State, 3 small settlements on Paragua and Karuna rivers.
Estimated Population 28 (1990, UNDP)
Environment Tropical Forest, Savannah
Lifestyle Sedentary
Subsistence Agriculture / Hunter / Fishing
Level of Assimilation Fairly Traditional
Language Family Sapé
(Nearly extinct)
Classification: Arutani-Sape
Alternate Names: Kariana, Kaliána, Caliana, Chirichano

Dialects: Some lexical correspondences Warao (Language Isolate).
Website URLs Ethnologue: Sapé,A Language of Venezuela
Ethnologue, Language Maps of Venezuela
Kwintessential: Language and Culture Specialists
Venezuela and Indigenous Rights
IPS: New Compendium on Yanomami Language
UNDP, Article: The Struggle over the electric transmission line to Brazil: Lessons from the indigenous conflict in Venezuela
NGOs Amazon Alliance
Mission Venezuela
United Nations Development Program (UNDP)